En la clasificación de Dubost, la disección abdominal representa del 1 al 2% de todas las disecciones aórticas, cuadro clínico aún más infrecuente si excluimos. El presente documento pretende ser una guía para la orientación diagnóstica y el tratamiento médico inicial de la disección aórtica aguda, proximal o distal. RESUMEN. Introducción: La disección aórtica es una enfermedad de pronóstico muy reservado, con una elevada mortalidad, aun cuando se diagnostique.

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Type A aortic dissection [21]. The earliest fully documented case of aortic dissection is attributed to Frank Nicholls in his autopsy report of King George II of Great Britainwho had been found dead on 25 October ; the report describes dissection of the zortica arch and into the pericardium.

If a pleural effusion were to develop due to an aortic dissection, it is more commonly in the left hemithorax rather than the right hemithorax.

While the pain may be confused with the pain of a myocardial infarction heart attackaortic dissection is usually not associated disecccion the other signs that suggest myocardial infarction, including heart failure and ECG changes.

Vascular surgerycardiothoracic surgery. Another mechanism is that the dissection may extend into the aortic root and detach the aortic valve leaflets.

Aortic dissection

Pseudohypotension falsely low blood-pressure measurement may occur due to involvement of the brachiocephalic artery supplying the right arm or the left subclavian artery supplying the left arm. An MRI examination of the aorta produces a three-dimensional reconstruction of the aorta, allowing the physician to determine the location of the intimal tear and the involvement of branch vessels, and aortida locate any secondary tears.


Rupture leads to hemorrhaging into a body cavity, and prognosis depends on the area of rupture. Archived from the original on Carotid artery stenosis Renal artery stenosis. The location of pain is associated with the location of the dissection.

Dissections that propagate towards the iliac bifurcation with the flow of blood are called anterograde dissections and those that propagate towards the aortic root opposite of the flow of blood are called retrograde dissections.

Archived from the original on 9 May Turner syndrome also increases the risk of aortic dissection, by aortic root dilatation. A pleural effusion fluid collection in the space between the lungs and the chest wall or diaphragm can be due to either blood from a transient rupture of the aorta or fluid due to an inflammatory reaction around the aorta.

Acute infrarenal abdominal aortic dissection. Chronic venous insufficiency Chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency Superior vena cava syndrome Inferior vena cava syndrome Venous ulcer.

Aortic dissection – Wikipedia

The right coronary artery is involved aortics commonly than the left coronary artery. It has become the preferred imaging modality for suspected aortic dissection. From Monday to Friday from 9 a.

For Stanford type A ascending aortic dissection, surgical management is superior to medical management. The intima is in direct contact with the blood inside the vessel, and mainly consists of a layer of endothelial cells on a basement membrane ; the media contains connective and muscle tissue, and the vessel is protected on the outside by the adventitia, comprising connective tissue.

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Hypertensive heart disease Hypertensive emergency Hypertensive aorticca Essential hypertension Secondary hypertension Renovascular hypertension Benign hypertension Pulmonary hypertension Systolic hypertension White coat hypertension.

Cardiovascular disease vessels I70—I99— CiteScore measures average citations received per document published. The blood travels through the media, creating a false lumen the true lumen is the normal conduit of blood in the aorta. However, type B dissections are not improved, from a mortality point of view, by the operation, unless leaking, rupture, or compromise to other organs, e.

A number of comorbid conditions increase the surgical risk of repair of an aortic dissection. Contrast is injected and the scan performed using a bolus tracking method. In addition, many individuals experience claustrophobia while in the MRI scanning tube. Cherry hemangioma Halo nevus Spider angioma.

An aortic dissection secondary to an intramural hematoma should be treated the same as one caused by an intimal tear. While many institutions give sedation during transesophageal echocardiography for added patient comfort, it can be performed in cooperative individuals without the use of sedation. Emergency Medicine Clinics of North America.

The scan then follows the contrast as it flows through the vessel. The Stanford system is used more commonly now, as it is more attuned to the management of the patient.