THIERRY BALZACQ. Centre for European Policy Studies, Belgium and Sciences Po Paris, France. The prime claim of the theory of securitization is that the. theory, showing the existence of multiple audiences in empirical cases and Consequently, for Balzacq securitization is “a sustained strategic. Securitisation theory has become one of the key components of security Thierry Balzacq is holder of the Tocqueville Chair on Security.
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The philosophical model covers what is known under the name of the Copenhagen School though some scholars within that School have developed a distinctive take on securitization.
Since one of the nuclear issues of theoretical concern for securitization theory is examining the effects of elite discourse on the mass public, 19 internally valid laboratory experiments, where serious consideration has been given external validity, can help gauge how and when particular types of support are most effective in securitizing issues. If you are a seller for this product, would you like to suggest updates through seller support?
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Political Agency, Audience and Context. Articles needing additional references from November All articles needing additional references Articles with ibid from April Evidence that a treatment does indeed produce a specific effect can include, for example, high stress revealed by blood pressure and cortisol levels, the experience of fear registered using functional magnetic resonance imaging scan, or the aggression as attested by testosterone levels.
In an experiment designed to identify under what circumstances domestic audiences support the use of coercive interrogation during times of armed conflict, Thomson, Geva, and Tkach exposed participants to almost identical information transmitted in either text or audio form. November Learn how and when to remove this template message. We know, for instance, that individuals on either side of the ideological spectrum, or experiencing different emotions or mood, 28 are inclined to react differently to political stimuli, and postexperimental analyses can focus on political affiliation as well as other theoretically plausible moderating variables such as gender, education, or ethnicity.
The effect of such variables is routinely controlled for in most rigorous studies in economics, psychology, medicine, and elsewhere, which means that they balacq be dismissed in securitization research, where it is reasonable to expect that these variables would moderate or shape resistance to securitizing moves.
Experimental Contributions to Securitization Theory: This article needs additional citations for verification. For instance, an experiment could be conducted in which the same securitizing message delivered by the same securitizing actor in a short video clip identical medium of securitization exposure is conveyed with either graphic content in one experimental condition or only nonshocking content in the other condition.
Of course, there have been discussions on the responsibility of speaking or writing security However, if securitization is meant to refer to any construction of threats, what then is left of its theoretical identity?
We argue that experiments should be seen as an important tool in the effort to answer what is arguably one of the most central yet also one of the less clearly answered questions of securitization research: Emotions, Imaginaries, and Limits in the Politics of Securitization.
A second level of measurement can be accessed in the lab and is typical of experiments used in the psychological tradition, as the effects produced by the experimental manipulations can be observed via physiological processes.
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Securitization (international relations)
Diversifying Securitization Research Methods with Experiments. Fear, Migration and Asylum in the EU. The third way in which experimental designs can potentially help our understanding of the effects contextual factors can have on securitization processes highlights the role of incentive structures.
My interest is in understanding the extent to which securitization establishes tehory collective agency. If a subject is successfully securitized, then it is possible to legitimize extraordinary means to solve a perceived problem.
Securitization (international relations) – Wikipedia
The theory has experienced growing sophistication, and empirical studies have produced stimulating insights on issues as varied as the politics of immigration, health, climate change, or cybersecurity. Put differently, a securitizing move may prove to be successful in one context but its iteration in another one may fail. On the normative dimension of securitization and desecuritization, see, for example, AradauFloydRoe This innovative new book will be of much interest to students of securitisation and critical security studies, as well as IR theory and sociology.
Employing experiments also offers the opportunity to assess whether or not varying national threat levels might increase or decrease these effects. International Icons and the Case of Abu Ghraib.
Securitization Theory | How Security Problems Emerge and Dissolve | Taylor & Francis Group
The existential threat of Climate change is another example of an issue that is increasingly becoming securitized. Other editions – View all Securitization Theory: In addition, balzqcq in migrants’ countries of origin, diasporaemigrationand citizenship issues can be securitized. Particular contexts affect particular securitization outcomes. Although they can be costly to conduct and the researcher runs the risk of losing some degree of control over how the independent variable manipulations are introducedthey offer experimenters the chance to observe individual and group processes simultaneously Morton and Williams A New Framework for Analysis.
However, as part of a multimethod approach, experimentation can contribute to achieving a more systematic analysis of the conditions under which particular types of securitizing moves succeed, fail, produce unexpected outcomes, or lead to mixed results. Balzacs way I list them below does not establish any hierarchy among them. Since all these variables and others are linked to the overarching question of legitimacy, the following examples illustrate the impact of legitimacy taken in its most obvious sense, but other experiments can manipulate variables not directly or not as clearly linked to legitimacy—for instance how much the intentionality or undecidedness of the actor affects seciritization success of the move.
In this theorg, experimental designs can help us learn more about whether or not specific demographic or other individual factors mediate the effect of experimental manipulations such as certain secjritization moves or actors on the likelihood of securitization occurring. After all, internal validity can only be the greatest strength of experiments when they are correctly executed that is, when the researcher effectively controls the manipulation of the independent variables.
Conducting field work in Afghanistan was not an option at the time, so the team opted to develop a rational choice framework to formalize costs and benefits and the respective probabilities that underlined the choices individuals faced in the particular context in Afghanistan.
Watson is right in directing securitization scholars willing to investigate this kind of question toward framing studies, which have a good record in experimentally studying the performative dimension of language, with thekry sometimes directly related to securitization dynamics. Employing a factorial experimental design, researchers can securitkzation responses between participants exposed to higher or lower values of the specific theoretical factor of relevance.
Designs like these could potentially help explain the dynamics involved in recent prominent securitizing speeches, like those on foreigners and immigrants voiced by pro-Brexit and pro-Trump campaigners.